Not many people know that Uttarakhand has two capitals. But today through this blog we will tell in detail where are the two capitals of Uttarakhand. And what are the famous places in the capital of Uttarakhand?
What is the capital of Uttarakhand?
Uttarakhand has two capitals. Its winter capital is Dehradun and its summer capital is Gairsain.
Uttarakhand is the fifth state in India to join the states having more than one capital. This state has two capitals, the winter capital is Dehradun and the summer capital is Gairsain. The state of Uttarakhand was formed on 9 November 2000 as the 27th state of India, earlier it was known as Uttaranchal which was later changed to Uttarakhand. It was made the interim capital of Uttarakhand from the time of the formation of the state.
Dehradun, the first capital of Uttarakhand
The city is the winter capital of the Indian state of Uttarakhand, with its headquarters located in the city of Dehradun. It is situated in the Doon Valley, at a distance of 230 km from the capital of the country, Delhi. Dehradun city of Uttarakhand is famous for its tourism, architecture, education, culture, as well as its natural beauty also attracts a large number of tourists. It was established in 1699.
Area and population of the first capital of Uttarakhand
The population of Uttarakhand As per the Aadhar Statistics the Uttarakhand population in 2020/2021 is 11,090,425 (11.09 Million) as compared to the last census 2011 is 10,086,292. But Dehradun city is spread over an area of 300 square kilometers i.s. 100 square miles in area and population, its height is 447 meters i.e. about 1467 feet above sea level. According to the population census held in the year 2011, its urban population was 578420 and the population of the entire metropolis was recorded as close to 700000 14223. The population density is 1900 persons per square kilometer. Apart from the official language Hindi, the regional languages Garhwali and English are also used.
Geography and Climate of the First Capital of Uttarakhand
In geography and climate, the Dehradun district is surrounded by the Himalayas from the north and Shivalik hills from the south. Some of the famous hill towns like Mussoorie, Sahastradhara, Lakhamandal, Chakrata, and Dakpathar come under it. On its western border lie the districts of Himachal Pradesh and Yamuna river, in the south lies Haridwar district and Saharanpur district of Uttar Pradesh.
Dehradun has a temperate climate. The average temperature of Dehradun ranges from 16 °C to 36 °C. The temperature during winter ranges from 2 °C to 24 °C. The maximum rainfall occurs between June and September. Dehradun receives an average rainfall of 2073.3 mm.
Among educational institutions, Dehradun has been famous for its educational institutions for a long time, in which the names of schools like Doon and Welham come. Indian Administrative Service and Military Services Training Institute are also located in Dehradun, which increases its importance in the field of education.
Famous tourist places in Dehradun
Dehradun is a very popular tourist destination. Places like Tapkeshwar Temple, Kalinga Memorial, Malsi Deer Park, Chandrabani, Forest Research Institute, Laxman Siddh Santola Devi Temple, Tapovan, Sai Darbar, and Wadia Sansthan are counted among the places of interest.
Apart from these places, the sanctuaries here are known for different types of animals and birds. The amusement park and entertainment venue are also located in Dehradun. A suitable tourist place is quite popular among tourists for its natural beauty.
Gairsain, the second capital of Uttarakhand
Gairsain is the summer capital of the Indian state of Uttarakhand. It is a city located in the Chamoli district of Uttarakhand. Its position is in the middle of the entire Uttarakhand state. Since the formation of Uttarakhand as a state, the demand for declaring Gairsain as its capital had started rising.
Area and population of the second capital of Uttarakhand
Gairsain city of Uttarakhand is spread over an area of 7.53 square kilometers in area and population. Its height above sea level is as much as 1750 meters i.e. about 5741 feet. According to the population census held in the year 2011, the total population here was recorded 7138, in which the number of women and men were recorded 3556 and 3583 respectively. On average, 87.27 percent of the total population was recorded as literate. The sex ratio is 862 females per thousand males.
Geography and Climate of the second Capital of Uttarakhand
In geography and climate, this city is situated at an altitude of about 5750 feet above sea level. Here there is a beautiful landscape of plains and nature. It is a feature-rich area in the heart of Uttarakhand. It is situated in the middle of Kumaon Garhwal and plains, which increases its importance. The climate here is considered warm.
Famous tourist places in Gairsain
In tourism, the picturesque town of Gairsain, which is a part of the main road leaving Kumaon and Garhwal region, is becoming a popular tourist destination. Apart from this, Gairsain is also the origin of the Ramganga river flowing near the Dudhatoli mountain, which attracts a large number of tourists. Nanda Devi, National Park, Vridha Badri, Vasudhara Waterfall, Adi Badri, and Yoga Dhyana Badri also come in the important tourist places around it.
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